The creation of Duke Farms

J.B. Duke transformed more than 2,000 acres of farmland and woodlots into an extraordinary landscape. He excavated nine lakes, constructed some 45 buildings, and built nearly 2 ½ miles of stone walls and more than 18 miles of roadway.

He also installed approximately 35 fountains and populated his property with countless pieces of sculpture.


He employed hundreds of laborers and utilized the latest technologies in excavation, construction, water filtration and agriculture in pursuit of his vision.

Much of the landscape J.B. Duke created between 1893 and 1925 is still clearly evident at Duke Farms, a testament to his ingenuity, resourcefulness and determination, as well as his bold vision and tremendous resources.



See how Duke Farms came to be, and follow the Duke family though their life on our detailed TIMELINE PAGE.

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