Habitat & Species Baseline


Duke Farms Land Cover -  The Property consists primarily of upland (82% of total) dominated by agricultural land (45%), forests (21%) and urban cover (12%).  Wetlands (18% of total) are dominated by agricultural lands (7%) and forest (7%).  Cover of earlier successional habitat including woodlands and scrub/shrub are relatively small (< 3% combined total).

Conservation Targets - There are 72 species conservation targets at Duke Farms.  Conservation targets represent state listed species (endangered - 9, threatened - 8, special concern - 51) and includes 71 species listed as priorities under the Wildlife Action Plan.  These species are primarily birds requiring grassland, shrub-scrub or forest habitats. 

A short list of notable species with documented breeding at Duke Farms includes bald eagle, Henslow’s sparrow, vesper sparrow, bobolink, Cooper’s hawk, grasshopper sparrow, savannah sparrow and American kestrel.  The Property also harbors one special concern reptile (Eastern box turtle) and one special concern plant (soft fox sedge). 

Protecting species of conservation concern primarily depends upon the health of their required habitats.  Therefore, management of invasive species and restoring the function of natural communities will relate to the four key habitats that support all species at Duke Farms.  The habitat conservation targets include: 1) grassland, 2) forest, 3) open wetlands and 4) pollinator meadows.   

Species at Duke Farms Collage

For a full list of plant & wildlife species found at Duke Farms please refer to our SPECIES INDEX.



Invasive Species Infestation Severity Map

Duke Farms initial invasive species infestation map.

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