Wildlife management often includes the control of wildlife that negatively impact other species and habitat function.
Overabundant native wildlife (white-tailed deer) or exotic, invasive wildlife (emerald ash borer) can compete with native animals for resources and destroy native plant communities. Monitoring and control measures must be taken to restore ecological balance.
Due to the lack of the aforementioned values, an entire suite of birds (ground nesting) was missing from the woodlands at Duke Farms due to lack of cover, but are beginning to return as forests begin to regenerate. The former unfavorable conditions were also detrimental to reptiles and amphibians which are apparent from the lack of diversity within these species.
At the base of the food chain/ web are the insects, which suggest their importance to the higher order species. Lack of native plant diversity, due to overabundant wildlife species severely limits native insect populations, which are vital not merely as a food source but also for pollination, nutrient cycling, and pest control.
The effects of deer browse can be seen on both sides of this deer fence. The right side is closed off to deer while the left side is not.
Resident Canadian Geese erode lake shores and cause other negative impacts on native landscapes.