Herbaceous Plants Found at Duke Farms


 

 

Common Name Scientific Name
Sensitive Fern (N) Onoclea sensibilis L.
Common Horsetail (N) Equisetum arvense L.
Cutleaf grapefern (N) Botrychium dissectum Spreng.
Spatterdock (N) Nuphar lutea (L.) Sm. ssp. advena (Aiton) Kartesz & Gandhi
Jack-In-The-Pulpit (N) Arisaema triphyllum (L.) Schott
Green arrow arum (N) Peltandra virginica (L.) Schott
Skunk-Cabbage (N) Symplocarpus foetidus (L.) Salisb. ex Nutt.
Southern water-plantain (N) Alisma subcordatum Raf.
Water Weed (N) Elodea Michx.
Wild Sarsaparilla (N) Smilax glauca Walter
Greenbrier (N) Smilax rotundifolia L.
Nodding onion (N) Allium cernuum Roth
Wild Leek (N) Allium tricoccum Aiton
Wild Garlic  Allium vineale L.
Glory-of-the-Snow Chionodoxa forbesii Baker
Dog Tooth Violet (N) Erythronium americanum Ker Gawl.
Orange Daylily Hemerocallis fulva (L.) L.
Yellow star-grass (N) Hypoxis hirsuta (L.) Coville
wood lily (N) Lilium philadelphicum L.
Wild Lilly-of-the-Valley (N) Maianthemum canadense Desf.
False Solomon's Seal (N) Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link
Daffodil Narcissus L.
Star of Bethlehem Ornithogalum umbellatum L.
smooth Solomon's seal (N) Polygonatum biflorum (Walter) Elliot
Siberian squill Scilla siberica Haw.
Sessileleaf bellwort (N) Uvularia sessilifolia L.
Blueflag Iris (N) Iris versicolor L.
Blue-Eyed Grass (N) Sisyrinchium angustifolium Mill.
May-Apple (N) Podophyllum peltatum L.
Canadian Anemone (N)  Anemone canadensis L.
Kidney-Leaf Crowfoot (N) Ranunculus abortivus L.
Lesser Celandine Ranunculus ficaria L.
Creeping buttercup Ranunculus repens L.
Cursed buttercup Ranunculus sceleratus L.
Tall meadow-rue (N) Thalictrum pubescens Pursh
Hog-Peanut (N) Amphicarpaea bracteata (L.) Fernald
Partridge pea (N) Chamaecrista fasciculata (Michx.) Greene
Perennial pea Lathyrus latifolius L.
Slender lespedeza (N) Lespedeza virginica (L.) Britton
Bird's-Foot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus L.
Black Medick Medicago lupulina L.
Yellow sweetclover Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.
Golden clover Trifolium aureum Pollich
Red Clover Trifolium pratense L.
White Clover Trifolium repens L.
Slender Vetch Vicia tetrasperma (L.) Schreb.
False-Strawberry Duchesnea indica (Andrews) Focke
White avens (N) Geum canadense Jacq.
Sulphur Cinquefoil Potentilla recta L.
Common Cinquefoil (N) Potentilla simplex Michx.
False-Nettle (N) Boehmeria cylindrica (L.) Sw.
Giant Stinging-Nettle (N) Laportea canadensis (L.) Weddell
Canadian clearweed (N) Pilea pumila (L.) A. Gray
Stinging Nettle (N) Urtica dioica L.
One-seeded burcucumber (N) Sicyos angulatus L.
Ragged fringed orchid (N) Platanthera lacera (Michx.) G. Don
Common yellow oxalis Oxalis stricta L.
Violet Wood-Sorrel (N) Oxalis violacea L.
Three-seeded Mercury (N) Acalypha virginica L.
Spotted Spurge (N) Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small
Common Violet (N) Viola sororia Willd.
bushy St. Johnswort (N) Hypericum densiflorum Pursh
cedarglade St. Johnswort (N) Hypericum frondosum Michx.
Dwarf St. John's-wort (N) Hypericum mutilum L.
Common St. John’s-wort Hypericum perforatum L.
St. John’s-wort (N) Hypericum punctatum Lam.
Branched centaury Centaurium pulchellum (Sw.) Druce
Spotted geranium (N) Geranium maculatum L.
Purple Loosestrife Lythrum salicaria L.
Enchanters Nightshade (N) Circaea lutetiana L.
Purple-leaved willowherb (N) Epilobium coloratum Biehler
Seedbox (N) Ludwigia alternifolia L.
Marsh Purslane (N) Ludwigia palustris (L.) Elliot
Evening Primrose (N) Oenothera biennis L.
Velvetleaf Abutilon theophrasti Medik.
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata (M. Bieb.) Cavara & Grande
Mouse-Ear Cress Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh.
Yellow Rocket     Barbarea vulgaris W.T. Aiton
Black mustard Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch
Field mustard Brassica rapa L.
Shepherds Purse Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik.
Cut-leaf Toothwort (N) Cardamine concatenata (Michx.) Sw.
Hoary Bitter Cress Cardamine hirsuta L.
Bushy Rock Cress Cardamine impatiens L.
Small-Flowered Bitter Cress (N) Cardamine parviflora L.
Whitlow-Grass Draba verna L.
Dame's Rocket Hesperis matronalis L.
Wild Peppergrass (N) Lepidium virginicum L.
Common yellow-cress (N) Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser
Field Pennycress Thlaspi arvense L.
Halberdleaf tearthumb (N) Polygonum arifolium L.
Knotweed Polygonum aviculare L.
Low Smartweed Polygonum cespitosum Blume, nom. inq.
Japanese Knotweed Polygonum cuspidatum Siebold & Zucc.
Marshpepper knotweed (N) Polygonum hydropiper L.
Mild Water-pepper (N) Polygonum hydropiperoides Michx.
Spotted ladysthumb Polygonum persicaria L.
Water Smartweed (N) Polygonum punctatum Elliot
Arrow-leaved tearthumb (N) Polygonum sagittatum L.
climbing false buckwheat (N) Polygonum scandens L.
Curly dock Rumex crispus L.
Bitter-Dock Rumex obtusifolius L.
Common Mouse-ear Chickweed Cerastium vulgatum 
Deptford Pink Dianthus armeria L.
Grass-like starwort Stellaria graminea L.
Common Chickweed Stellaria media (L.) Vill.
Goosefoot  Chenopodium album L.
Pokeweed (N) Phytolacca americana L.
Carpetweed (N) Mollugo verticillata L.
Roundleaf mudplantain (N) Heteranthera reniformis Ruiz & Pav.
Spring Beauty (N) Claytonia virginica L.
Touch-me-not (N) Impatiens capensis Meerb.
Scarlet Pimpernel Anagallis arvensis L.
Moneywort Lysimachia nummularia L.
Indian Hemp (N) Apocynum cannabinum L.
Poke milkweed (N) Asclepias exaltata L.
Swamp milkweed (N) Asclepias incarnata L.
Purple milkweed (N) Asclepias purpurascens L.
Common Milkweed (N) Asclepias syriaca L.
Green milkweed (N)  Asclepias viridiflora Raf.
Butterfly-weed (N) Asclepias tuberosa L.
Common viper’s bugloss Echium vulgare L.
Beggar-Lice (N) Hackelia virginiana (L.) I.M. Johnst.
Virginia Bluebells (N) Mertensia virginica (L.) Pers. ex Link
Eastern Waterleaf Hydrophyllum virginianum L.
Hedge Bindweed Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br.
Field Bindweed Convolvulus arvensis L.
Dodder Cuscuta L.
Horse-Nettle (N) Solanum carolinense L.
Climbing Nightshade Solanum dulcamara L.
Black Nightshade Solanum nigrum L.
English Plantain Plantago lanceolata L.
Common Plantain (N) Plantago major L.
Lesser toadflax Chaenorhinum minus (L.) Lange
White turtlehead (N) Chelone glabra L.
Common Toadflax Linaria vulgaris Mill.
Tall beard-tongue (N) Penstemon digitalis Nutt. ex Sims
Northeastern beard-tongue (N) Penstemon hirsutus (L.) Willd.
Moth-Mullein Verbascum blattaria L.
Common Mullein Verbascum thapsus L.
American speedwell (N) Veronica americana Schwein. ex Benth.
Corn Speedwell Veronica arvensis L.
Bird's-Eye Speedwell Veronica chamaedrys L.
Purslane Speedwell (N) Veronica peregrina L.
Gray Field Speedwell Veronica polita Fr.
Thyme-Leaf Speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia L.
Gill Over The Ground Glechoma hederacea L.
Purple Dead Nettle Lamium purpureum L.
American water horehound (N) Lycopus americanus Muhl. ex W. Bartram
Northern horehound (N) Lycopus uniflorus Michx.
Field or Wild Mint (N) Mentha arvensis L.
Apple Mint Mentha ×rotundifolia (L.) Huds. (pro sp.) [longifolia × suaveolens]
Wild Bergamot (N) Monarda fistulosa L.
spotted beebalm (N) Monarda punctata L.
Catnip Nepeta cataria L.
Beefsteakplant Perilla frutescens (L.) Britton
Heal-All  Prunella vulgaris L.
Narrow-leaf mountain-mint (N) Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Schrad.
Marsh skullcap (N) Scutellaria galericulata L.
Whitespot Stachys sylvatica L.
Smooth hedgenettle  (N) Stachys tenuifolia Willd.
Canada germander (N) Teucrium canadense L.
Blue Vervain (N) Verbena urticifolia L.
White Vervain (N) Verbena urticifolia L.
Common Yarrow Achillea millefolium L.
Ragweed (N) Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.
Great Ragweed (N) Ambrosia trifida L.
Stinking chamomile Anthemis cotula L.
Common Burdock Arctium minus Bernh.
Biennial Wormwood  Artemisia biennis Willd.
Felon-Herb Artemisia vulgaris L.
Small White Aster (N) Symphyotrichum racemosum (Elliot) G.L. Nesom
Tickseed Sunflower (N) Bidens coronata (L.) Britton
Spotted knapweed Centaurea stoebe L. ssp. micranthos (Gugler) Hayek
Green-and-gold (N) Chrysogonum virginianum L.
Chicory Cichorium intybus L.
Canada Thistle Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.
Common Thistle Cirsium vulgare (Savi) Ten.
blue mistflower (N) Conoclinium coelestinum (L.) DC.
Horseweed (N) Conyza canadensis (L.) Cronquist
whorled tickseed (N) Coreopsis verticillata L.
Purple coneflower  Echinacea purpurea (L.) Moench
Pilewort (N) Erechtites hieraciifolia (L.) Raf. ex DC.
Daisy Fleabane (N) Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers.
Fleabane (N) Erigeron philadelphicus L.
White-Top (N) Erigeron strigosus Muhl. ex Willd.
Boneset (N) Eupatorium perfoliatum L.
Sweetscented joe pye weed (N) Eupatorium purpureum L.
White Snakeroot (N) Ageratina altissima (L.) King & H. Rob. var. altissima
Late-flowering thoroughwort (N) Eupatorium serotinum Michx.
Eastern showy aster (N) Eurybia spectabilis (Aiton) G.L. Nesom
Flat Top Goldenrod (N) Euthamia graminifolia (L.) Nutt.
Cudweed (N) Pseudognaphalium helleri (Britton) Anderb. ssp. micradenium (Weath.) Kartesz
Common sneezeweed (N) Helenium autumnale L.
Purple-headed sneezeweed (N) Helenium flexuosum Raf.
King-Devil Hieracium caespitosum Dumort.
Common nipplewort (N) Lapsana communis L.
Tall blazing star (N) Liatris aspera Michx.
dense blazing star (N) Liatris spicata (L.) Willd.
scaly blazing star (N) Liatris squarrosa (L.) Michx.
Pinapple Weed   Matricaria discoidea DC.
Gall of the earth (N) Prenanthes trifoliolata (Cass.) Fernald
Black-eyed Susan (N) Rudbeckia hirta L.
Common Groundsel Senecio vulgaris L.
blue-stemmed goldenrod (N) Solidago caesia L.
Canada goldenroad (N) Solidago canadensis L.
common blue wood aster (N) Symphyotrichum cordifolium (L.) G.L. Nesom
New England aster (N) Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (L.) G.L. Nesom
New York aster (N) Symphyotrichum novi-belgii (L.) G.L. Nesom
Aromatic Aster (N) Symphyotrichum oblongifolium (Nutt.) G.L. Nesom
Common Dandelion Taraxacum officinale F.H. Wigg.
Yellow salsify Tragopogon dubius Scop.
tall ironweed  Vernonia angustifolia Michx.
New York Ironweed (N) Vernonia noveboracensis (L.) Michx.
Common Cocklebur (N) Xanthium strumarium L.
Prickly pear cactus (N) Opuntia humifusa (Raf.) Raf.
Cardinalflower (N) Lobelia cardinalis L.
Indian-Tobacco (N) Lobelia inflata L.
Japanese Hops Humulus japonicus Siebold & Zucc.
Wild Teasel Dipsacus fullonum L.
Wild chervil  Anthriscus sylvestris (L.) Hoffm.
Spotted water hemlock (N) Cicuta maculata L.
Poison hemlock  Conium maculatum L.
Queen Anne’s Lace Daucus carota L.
Giant Hogweed Heracleum mantegazzianum Sommier & Levier

 

 

*(N) - Native to New Jersey

 
 
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